UNDERSTANDING CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
Updated: Sep 13, 2022
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood the way they should. The disease is called “chronic” because the damage to your kidneys happens slowly over a long period of time. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. CKD can also cause other health problems
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease
In Malaysia, the main causes of kidney disease are stage 2 diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure. Some of the rarer diseases are genetic, such as Polycystic Kidney Disease, in which the kidneys are filled with cysts that deny the normal function of the tissues in the kidneys. However, there are some conditions that become immune such as IgA Nephropathy where the body produces abnormal antibodies and these antibodies are ‘trapped’ in the kidneys and cause damage; or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in which antibodies attack normal cells in the body. Corals can also cause damage.
However, it is not strange when the cause cannot be identified. In such cases, kidney disease may be due to an infection acquired at a young age that has left the kidney with damage. The damage accumulates over time which causes the kidney function to deteriorate. Other causes may also be the result of exposure to drugs, supplements or chemicals that are capable of injuring the kidneys.
What is important to understand is that this kidney damage occurs in our unconscious and silent state. It is not like having a heart attack, where the patient will complain of chest pain, kidney disease usually shows no symptoms or pain until about 50-70% of the health of the kidney tissue has been damaged. This makes regular inspections very important.
Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease
People with kidney disease can experience many symptoms Some are quite general and non -specific such as changes in fatigue, lethargy or appetite. More specific symptoms are nausea, vomiting, itching, having a metallic taste in the mouth, swelling of the feet, difficulty breathing and changes in the characteristics of the urine.
Chronic Kidney Disease Risk Factors
You are more at risk for getting kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol or are a smoker. Age and weight are also risk factors. A family history of having kidney disease should also make more precautions
Determining Chronic Kidney Disease
Nephrology states the ability of the kidneys to filter and cleanse the blood; as well as the integrity of the kidney membrane cells that act as filters (structures). Its function is accompanied by undergoing a blood test called Creatinine. The higher the amount of Creatinine in the body, the less the function of the kidneys to filter. The integrity of the renal filter was assessed by examining the urine. If there is blood or protein in the urine, this may trigger damage to the ‘filter’ of the kidneys. Renal ultrasonography can also help.
If this abnormality lasts for 3 months, it is categorized as ‘chronic’.
Classifying the Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease
Nephrologists classify chronic kidney disease into severe/severe categories depending on the functional capacity of the kidneys as measured by the level of Creatinine in the blood. The worst is Stage 5 while the least is Stage 1. Often, patients with Stage 5 chronic kidney disease need to prepare for the possibility of undergoing dialysis or an organ transplant to support body function to return to normal.
Complications of Chronic Kidney Disease
The kidneys play many roles, if damaged, it can result in a number of different conditions. Blood pressure and cholesterol often worsen due to increases in heart disease and stroke. Accumulation of toxins and waste products leads to anemia, poor bone health, hardening of blood vessels and swelling of the body. Kidney patients also often suffer from poor nutrition.
Treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease
In general, treatment for patients with kidney disease depends on the condition, cause and effect. Medications are used to prevent pathological processes that can damage the kidneys. In addition, adopting a diet can also help in slowing down kidney deterioration. The core of a nutritional strategy to improve kidney health is to reduce protein intake to minimize waste production. The usage of OriMilk Colostrum Milk is highly recommended because it can improve on your inner body strength
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